Yesterday the European Space Agency’s SMART-1 (Small Missions for Advanced Research and Technology) was publically displayed. Weighing just 815 pounds, costing $108 million and to be launched in July for a two-year mission orbiting the moon to look for water, SMART-1 will be the first European spacecraft to travel to and orbit the Moon. One of the craft’s primary objectives is the flight demonstration of Electric Primary Propulsion for a scientific lunar orbiting spacecraft delivered into a standard geostationary transfer orbit. SMART-1 will reach lunar orbit from geostationary transfer orbit by the use of electric propulsion. The transfer time will be in the order of 15-17 months. Once there, the satellite will use infrared light to search for water. The mission will also use X-rays to map the chemical composition of the entire lunar surface. The spacecraft will also explore the darker regions of the Moon’s south pole for the first time and take a close look at the ‘Peak of Eternal Light’, a lunar mountain perpetually bathed in sunlight and surrounded by craters never touched by light. The craters may contain ice.