While carefully examining the data for every publication would be prohibitively expensive, several techniques to screen for falsified data have been developed. For example, images can be checked for after-the-fact manipulation. The scandals have led to some readers looking more carefully at suspicious papers for evidence that the data are human-manufactured. Jan Hendrik Schön’s fraud was partly revealed due to just such analysis by readers in 2002.
Some institutions are taking further steps to prevent fraud. In October, Emory University introduced a tip line where people can anonymously report suspicions of scientific misconduct. So far, five investigations have been launched based on reports to the tip line.
While many steps are being taken to deter future scandals, some scientists have pointed out that such fraud does not discredit all science. Dieter Imboden, the president of the Swiss National Science Foundation’s Research Council, has said: “Bear in mind that every experiment will be repeated at some stage and it is one of the important principles of science that only things which can be verified independently by different groups are considered to be safe scientific facts.”
- “Lancet cancer study a hoax”. Wikinews, January 20, 2006
- “Norwegian scientist published fake findings in Lancet”. Wikinews, January 17, 2006
- “South Korean scientists clone dog for first time”. Wikinews, August 4, 2005
- Emma Marris “Should journals police scientific fraud?”. Nature (journal), February 3, 2006
- Emma Marris “Doctor admits Lancet study is fiction”. Nature (journal), January 17, 2006
- “Emory’s fraud tip line aims to keep science honest”. Associated Press, February 5, 2006
- “”It’s difficult to prevent scientific fraud””. swissinfo, January 23, 2006