For the last hundred years, in plain sight, there has been hidden within a Constant of Nature, important information about the Universe within which we live.

Planck’s Constant was discovered in the early 1900 by Max Planck. In all the time since, however, it appears that no one has taken the time to ask some logical questions about the Constant. Some of these questions are the following: The constant applies to the relationship between Energy and frequency of electromagnetic radiation, so what is it operating on to connect Energy and frequency of radiation? Why does it have the dimensions of “Action” or “Angular Momentum?” It is logical to ask, ” On what is the action occurring? What has the angular momentum?”

Running these questions around brings to mind the thought that if this factor, Planck’s Constant were an average amount of action in any direction, or the average angular momentum in any direction–apparently the same– of units making up reality, then that average unit would appear as a constant.

Planck’s Constant is used at the speed of light, another Constant of Nature. Could the thought that perhaps Planck’s Constant is an average value of a characteristic of some unit of existence also apply to the speed of light? Could the Speed of Light also be connected to something related to rotating units as Planck’s Constant may well be?

This last speculation fits in very well. The Speed of Light is the maximum velocity of information transfer. Information transfer in any direction from a point has a maximum–and in practice, unattainable–velocity of the average velocity in eny given direction of the velocity of the “packet carriers” whether these packet carriers be Pony Express Riders, Sound Waves or Electromagnetic Radiation. The Speed of Light would make sense as the average velocity in any direction at any time of the units, rotors(?), acted upon by Planck’s Constant.

Acting on these ideas, Planck’s Constant is an average angular momentum and the Speed of Light an average velocity in any direction, we can try some mathematical analysis.

Let us set Planck’s Constant, (h), as the constant value into the form equation, K=xyz. In this case, let Planck’s Constant be “K”, “x” will be an instantaneous mass, “m,” rotating at a distance, “r.” from the center of rotation, and the third unknown be an instantaneous velocity, “v” measured at that distance, “The Tangential Velocity.” We write, “h=mvr.” Since “h” appears to be necessarily valid only at the speed of light, “c,” we evaluate h=mvc. Since “c” itself is a constant, the ratio of “h” and “c” is a constant so mr=h/c.This two unknown equation can be said to define not only a variable area but also anything which varies in this manner. One such is the Law of Levers in Physics. The numerical values of “m ” and “v ” can be interchanged, hence this little equation could describe something moving back and forth between two limits or two “states.” Such motion is called “oscillation” and something acting in such a way is called an oscillator. We can say that the equation, “mr=h/c describes a family of oscillators. Since the values of m and r can be switched, they can also be equal to define an “average” oscillator when m=r=(h/v)^0.5. That is when the numerical value of the mass equals the numerical value of the radius and each equals the square root of the ratio of Planck’s Constant to the Speed of Light. Inserting the value of 6.63 x 10^-27 erg. sec. for Planck’s Constant and 3 x 10^10 cm./sec for the Speed of Light we get a value of approximately 4.7 x 10^-19 cm. (and 4.7 x 10^-19 grams) for the “dimensions” of the average oscillator defined by the “(h/c)^0.5 Constant.”

It is interesting that this value, 4.7 x 10^-19 cm. as a radius is almost exactly one half of the diameter at which the Strings of String Theory are said to disappear into a “10 dimension hole.” Also, Quantum Mechanics is said to fail at below the same distance.

At this point we suggest that the basic units of our existence are tiny oscillators half of whose existence is unknown and unexplored as it lies below the “threshold” of (h/c)^0.5.

Perhaps we should close this little essay at this point and hope that the reader’s curiosity has been aroused enough to follow up. There is much more that can be said and there has been much more written elsewhere.

An Internet Group, Google Group, Oscillator/Substance Theory has been set up to explore, develop, publicize, or refute, the “Theory of Everything” which arises from the foregoing and related topics. It is open to anyone, and anyone would undoubtedly be able to contribute. The URL is as follows: http://groups.google.com/group/oscillatorsubstance-theory Hope to see you there!

Dean L. Sinclair, Aberdeen, SD Nov. 2008

Planck’s constant (h) defines the size of quanta and so plays a key role in quantum mechanics. It is named for Max Planck, a pioneer of quantum theory. It relates the energy, E, of a photon and its frequency “nu”. h has “dimensionality” of mass multiplied by length squared divided by time.

Divide the Planck constant divided by 2pi and you get h-bar, the “reduced Planck constant” which has the same dimensionality (units essentially) as angular momentum and is used when instead of oscillation (i.e. waves and their frequency) one is discussing rotation in radians per second (rad/s), angular frequency in other words.

Re: Dirac’s Constant; etc.

“Honestly he is….” (interesting, brilliant, right on; totally insane, a kook ..) mysteries, mysteries!

Anyway, Science Base, thanks for the exposition re Planck’s Constant. I hope it helped the non-physics majors.

The introduction of “h-bar, ” Planck’s Constant divided by 2Pi , also known as “Dirac’s Constant, is. to me, a confusion factor, adding another layer of scientific/mathematical jargon. To use it one would have to switch from cycles per second to radians per second to get equivalent energy expressions. One would have to have taken math. thru analytic geometry to understand the radian notation, and even if they have a knowledge of it, probably most, myself included, are not totally comfortable with the notation.

In any case, whether one writes, “torque times angular velocity (in radians/sec.) equals Dirac’s Constant times frequency in the same measurement,equals Energy” or one writes, “mass times radius (which is torque) times tangential velocity equals Planck’s Constant times frequency in cycles per second, equals Energy,” both mean the same thing. Both also ignore the factor of the speed of light, “c,” the underlying “carrier frequency.”

One important thing that is overlooked in both expressions is the presence of the “mass times radius” factor of torque. the push or pull of one unit against another. If one looks closely at the parent submission to which we are adding comment, we see that both expressions describe what may well be a universe populated by a “family” of constant-torque, constant-rotational-velocity oscillators having a basic torque value of “h/c.”

This idea will be explored more in an up-coming submission, “Quantization–A 3-D Merry-go-round?” Which should appear in the next few weeks on “this station,” and also on http://groups.google.com/group/oscillatorsubstance-theory.